Cochise Oncology

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What is Chemotherapy?

If you’ve been diagnosed with cancer, chemotherapy is one of the main treatment types that you’ll instantly want to consider. Chemotherapy can be used to treat a wide range of cancer types, and Cochise Oncology can deliver a personalized treatment that’s both dignified and designed to give you the best shot at a full recovery.

About Chemotherapy

The term chemotherapy is one that actually describes the use of drugs to treat any disease. However, most people associate it with treatments specifically for cancer.

Chemotherapy is a form of systematic treatment that sees the drugs travel through the body to kill cancer cells that have spread to other parts of the body – away from the initial tumor. It can be used to cure cancer by destroying all cancer cells within the patient’s body.

Alternatively, chemotherapy may be used to control cancer by preventing further growth and spreading, or as a palliative treatment to improve a patient’s quality of life in advanced forms of cancer. Chemotherapy may be used as a standalone treatment, or in conjunction with localized cancer treatments, such as surgery or radiotherapy.

Different drugs can kill cancer cells in varying ways, which is why chemotherapy treatments should only be managed by an oncologist, like our experts at Cochise Oncology, who can identify the right drugs and dosages to be used.

How Does Chemotherapy Work?

Chemotherapy can be administered in a number of ways, including IV injectables, topicals, or oral consumption, although standard chemo is still the most commonly used solution. In any case, chemotherapy works on the basic premise of killing cancer cells at various stages of their cell cycle.

While chemotherapy drugs do not differentiate healthy and cancerous cells, which is why healthy cells die too, it is a fact that cancer cells grow and mature more quickly. Therefore, the right drugs can be used to target those cells more accurately at the desired phase of their cycle. Chemotherapy drugs may include;

  • Alkylating agents(including Altretamine, Cisplatin, and Mechlorethamine) that prevent cancer cells from reproducing.
  • Nitrosoureas (including Carmustine, Lomustine, and Streptozocin) that are a subgroup of Alkylating agents that can additionally travel to the brain.
  • Antimetabolites (including Azacitidine, Decitabine, and Fludarabine) that interrupt the DNA and RNA of target cells.
  • Anthracyclines (including Daunorubicin, Epirubicin, and Valrubicin) that are anti-tumor antibiotics designed to interfere with enzymes.
  • Topoisomerase inhibitors (type I and type II inhibitors) that impact enzymes to treat leukemias, lung, ovarian, gastrointestinal, and colorectal cancers.
  • Mitotic inhibitors (Taxanes and Vinca alkaloids) that are compounds designed to stop cells from dividing and forming new cells.

Chemotherapy is given in cycles. Cochise Oncology may use it to shrink tumors, kill remaining cells after other treatments, or to help the immune system fight cancer.


Simply fill out the form on this page to request an appointment and one of our knowledgable team members will reach out to you. Or call our Sierra Vista oncology center to schedule directly at (520) 803-6644.

When to Consider Chemotherapy Treatment 

Chemotherapy is one of the most common forms of cancer treatment available. If you have been diagnosed with cancer at any stage, it’s probably that you’ll want to consider it. However, some cancers are best treated with localized treatments alone.

Cochise Oncology can provide the unbiased insight needed to make the right treatment plan (and prepare for your cycles) based on a wide range of factors, such as:

  • The type and subtype of cancer.
  • The stage of cancer.
  • Biomarkers and other test results.
  • Your age and overall health.
  • Any previous treatments.
  • Any other health conditions.

Whether it’s to cure, contain, or cope with cancer, Cochise Oncology can discuss all types of chemotherapy and the procedures involved.


*Individual Results May Vary


At Cochise Oncology, we know optimal cancer treatment places the patient first – and our patients experience this every day. Read what our satisfied patients are saying about their experiences at Cochise Oncology.

Take the Next Step

Are you ready to learn more about chemotherapy? Reach out to Cochise Oncology at (520) 803-6644 or fill out the consultation form on this page. We look forward to meeting you!

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