Skin Cancer Overview
Skin cancer is characterized by the development of abnormal and dangerous cells in the epidermis (outer skin layers) that occurs due to DNA damage. In turn, those mutations lead to the growth of malignant tumors. Although the locally destructive don’t spread as quickly as some cancers, they can still be fatal when not treated.
While skin cancer can develop on any body part, it is most commonly found on anatomical locations that are exposed to potential causes and triggers. Basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) are uncontrolled growths that are found on the face, neck, ears, scalp, shoulders, and back. The other type of skin cancer is squamous skin cancer, also known as Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC). Cochise Oncology can support patients with either.
Skin Cancer Causes
Skin cancer can affect anybody at any stage of life, including men, women, and children of all ethnicities and backgrounds. The DNA damage and mutations are caused by overexposure to UltraViolet (UV) rays, which may come from the sun or synthetic UV machines, such as tanning machines.
Continued and prolonged exposure to harmful UV rays can affect the DNA by keeping the oncogenes, which are responsible for allowing cells to grow and divide, turned on. Simultaneously, the DNA damage may stop the body’s tumor-suppressing genes from working. This combination subsequently allows the mutations to grow at a rapid rate, leading to malignant skin tumors.